By default git branch doesn’t show the remote branches for a cloned repo, so use git branch -a to see all of them and then make a local branch with a suitable name:

$ git clone
Cloning into 'cvl-fabric-launcher'...
X11 forwarding request failed on channel 0
remote: Counting objects: 1527, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (749/749), done.
remote: Total 1527 (delta 792), reused 1463 (delta 728)
Receiving objects: 100% (1527/1527), 6.28 MiB | 996 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (792/792), done.

$ cd cvl-fabric-launcher/
$ git branch -a
* master
  remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master

$ git checkout -b detailed_logging remotes/origin/detailed_logging
Branch detailed_logging set up to track remote branch detailed_logging from origin.
Switched to a new branch 'detailed_logging'